Exposure Route

  1. Same as for BPA (since used for similar purposes) 
  2. Seen in some personal care products that contain fragrance (e.g., detergent, cleaning supplies)
  3. Higher levels seen in people that dine out compared to those who cook at home


Health Risks 

  1. Can lower chances of successful IVF
  2. In men, can cause sperm DNA damage
  3. In young girls, can lead to early puberty
  4. Endometriosis



  1. Reduce eating processed or canned foods
  2. Avoid using plastics with recycling codes #3 and #7 (seen on the bottom of plastic bottles) which are known to contain endocrine disrupting chemicals
  3. Avoid touching cash register receipts 
  4. Replace plastic bottles and containers with glass/steel
  5. Avoid microwaving plastic dishes or containers
  6. Buy “fragrance free” laundry, cleaning, and personal care products
  7. Use “phthalate-free” products; nail polish that says “no di-butyl phthalate”